The great leap forward

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InChina, the peasant communeswere established by the Chinese communists and otherpeasants and peasants to collectivize all agriculturallands, and to build up a socialistsociety and economy. The landlords,whoin thepresent,arenotall landlords, only asmallpercentage, are the main landowners ofChina,andalltheir lands areownedby the great landlords.

HtmThe Greatest Leap Forward in the History of the WorldCommunal living housesCommunal living houses, or communes, were organized in villages throughout China during the Great Leap Forward, which began in 1958 and ran until 1962. They were the subject of a series of articles and discussions in the Communist Party of Chinas literature. A commune was an organized group of individuals or a group of families living in a village together or within a village, and were self-sufficient in food production. The members of the commune did not have to be Communists, but they lived as though they were: all members were required to live in a commune, they worked as though they were, and they also formed community-owned farms and factories as well as cooperatives that produced products for the commune. A commune was a voluntary organization of people who were willing to accept a new social system. People were free to join a commune, and only a small minority of people tried to control the others or force them to join. Communies of the communeThe Communist Party of China set up cooperatives in the countryside which produced grain for the communes. They also set up cooperative farms which provided employment for the peasants. The most famous commune of the Great Leap Forward was the Wuhan commune. It was founded by a group of twenty-three people who had come together to live in communes in the countryside. There were also communal farms in other cities, such as Shanghai, where people had to work in collective farms to earn money. Communist China was the largest exporter of grain in history, but its export failed to produce the desired results and by late 1958 the government had cut subsidies to the grain-exporting industry and the nation suffered a famine. 7, The Great Leap ForwardAt the start of the Great Leap Forward in 1958, many villagers were still living in the homes they had inherited from their parents and grandparents. In fact, they were living in primitive homes without running water, electricity, or plumbing. Before the Great Leap Forward, most people were poor and worked in the fields. The people had not been educated or able to work in agriculture, so many did not know how to farm and had to sell their produce to survive. When food became scarce, many resorted to trading their produce on the local market. When Mao launched the Great Leap Forward, he had expected that it would make the country self-sufficient in grain and other foodstuffs.

Article about The great leap forward